What is the difference between flag, pavilion and banner

are approaching National Holidays and although we know that the flag is one of the three symbols of the Homeland, it is important to know or remember that there are different types of flag, which are used according to the event, date or institution.

Article 49 of the Political Constitution of Peru indicates that the flag is a sensitive sign that represents the Homeland and reflects the collective soul, irreplaceable links of national unity.

As Peruvians, it is up to us to respect it, venerate it, respect it and, to the authorities, ensure its intangibility and correct use. Therefore, here we indicate the correct use of the flags.

WHAT ARE THE NATIONAL SYMBOLS?

Peru has three national symbols that are the national flag, the national coat of arms and the anthem, which are governed by a group of laws and guidelines.

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE FLAG, PAVILION AND BANNER?

The red color of the flag represents the spilled blood of the heroes and martyrs; and white is aligned to freedom, justice and peace. Learn more.

The national flag

The flag of Peru is the highest emblem of the nation. It is rectangular in shape formed by three vertical bands of equal width, red on the sides and white in the center. The first flag of independent Peru was created by General José de San Martín in 18202 and was displayed for the first time as a symbol of all liberated Peruvians in the Plaza Mayor of Lima, on July 28, 1821, in the proclamation of independence. . Therefore, it must be hoisted in all homes on the occasion of the National Holidays.

Pavilion

It has the characteristic that in the white stripe it bears the Coat of arms, with its bell and two branches, one from the palm on the right and the one from the laurel on the left, intertwined at the bottom with a two-tone ribbon. It was created on February 25, 1825. The National Pavilion can only be hoisted in buildings occupied by the Powers of the State, in dependencies of the Armed Forces and the National Police of Peru, as well as public dependencies.

National Pavilion can be used in state institutions (Photo: GEC)

The National Standard is the portable national flag, that is, it has the coat of arms. It is used and is mandatory in official teaching centers of the Armed Forces and the National Police, in civic acts and parades. The banner must measure 1.40 m. and have a width of 84 cm. The flagpole must be cherry colored with a length of 2.72 m. It can also be used in civil and religious institutions.

MORE INFORMATION ABOUT NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

WHEN SHOULD THE FLAG BE RAISED FOR NATIONAL HOLIDAYS?

Laws No. 8916 and No. 15253 establish that the National Flag must be hoisted on July 27, 28, 29 and 30 in all buildings for civil or private use; said dates from 8:00 am to 6:00 pm, the National Flag should not be raised overnight.

UNTIL WHEN WILL THE LONG HOLIDAY LAST FOR NATIONAL HOLIDAYS?

In July, there will be two holidays for both the public and private sectors: July 28 and Friday, July 29.

Due to the fact that this year the National Holidays fall on Thursday and Friday, a festive bridge will be formed with the weekend rest days. MORE DETAILS HERE.

WHY ARE THE NATIONAL HOLIDAYS CELEBRATED ON JULY 28 AND 29?

The National Holidays are a very important date in the Peruvian calendar, since the Independence Day in 1821 is remembered by the hand of José de San Martín.

July 28 and 29 are declared holidays and the population takes the opportunity to do family activities, taste typical dishes or go on trips. In addition, it is a date where everyone shows their great patriotism by decorating their homes and streets. MORE DETAILS HERE

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