As of May 11, 6,029,705 Ukrainians had sought refuge first in neighboring countries before often continuing their odyssey, according to the dedicated UNHCR website. Poland hosts by far the largest number of refugees (3,272,943 as of May 11).
Women and children represent 90% of these refugees, men aged 18 to 60, likely to be mobilized, not having the right to leave. The daily flow of refugees has considerably reduced since the outbreak of hostilities.
In March, almost 3.4 million Ukrainians fled their country, often in a hurry and with very little personal belongings. In April, just over 1.5 million chose to flee the fighting and violence. Since the beginning of May, almost 493,000 Ukrainians have crossed the border to find refuge elsewhere.
According to UN estimates released in late April, some 8.3 million people could flee this year. In addition to these refugees, there are some eight million internally displaced people, according to a count in early May by the International Organization for Migration (IOM).
Prior to the Russian invasion, Ukraine had a population of 37 million people in areas under its government’s control. This figure excludes Crimea (South), annexed in 2014 by Russia, and the eastern regions controlled by pro-Russian separatists.