“The involvement of the Atlantic Alliance is not only an indirect fact, it is a direct fact”. They are the words of Fabio Miniformer NATO Chief of Staff for southern Europe, on the sidelines of the book presentation Ukraine. War and history, published by PaperFirst. “The book has a fair and complete chronological appendix”, which is why it is a very useful text for schools too, according to the historian Franco Cardini. Cardini also returns to the involvement of the Western bloc, understood as the United States and the European Union: “International politics has deteriorated. We are facing a Russian-Western conflict. Now, however, it is certain that it is urgent to achieve peace”.