The PCI and culture: from films to photography. Livorno closes the centenary of the party with three days of film marathons and meetings

A film marathon, from I love you Berlinguer a Metallurgical mimì, the preview of the documentary Communists and culture, the presentation of the photographic book Moving and posing. Album of the Italian Communists. And again the presentation of the book The PCI in Tuscany. From release to dissolution. Story in pictures. The three-day exhibition begins tomorrow The PCI and culture, promoted by the Municipality of Livorno, at the end of the celebrations for the hundredth anniversary of the birth of Italian Communist Party.

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The initiatives investigate through the different ones expressive forms of art the report between the PCI and culture, underlining the relevance and incisiveness of the party in the growth, development and identity formation of our entire country. Among other things, the Councilor for Culture Simone Lenzi he remembers in particular that from 3 January it is strewn with posters with a selection of historical photographs from the archives of the Gramsci Foundation concerning the history and identity of the PCI, a sort of widespread photographic exhibition. The Municipality of Livorno also collaborated in the production of the docufilm The Communists and Culture (1921 – 1989), with numerous exclusive interviews with intellectuals, artists, historians and exponents of the PCI. The docufilm is produced by Didi Gnocchi per 3D Productions. “It is a choral work – explains the author of the docufilm Laurenzo Ticca – that through the voices and reflections of party leaders, directors, artists, journalists, historians and art critics retraces the relationship, not without contradictions, between the Italian Communist Party, the culture and life of the country. At the origin of everything, the thought developed by Gramsci during the years of imprisonment “.

The appointments start on Thursday 13 January with a film marathon, organized in collaboration with theCinemazero Cultural Association from Pordenone, which will be held for three evenings, until the early hours of January 16: a selection of a dozen films, documentaries, vintage footage and rare materials. The cinematographic language has been a field of experimentation and an opportunity for fire debates within the party e among communist intellectuals or close to the party, but above all it has constantly accompanied the representation and evolution of Italian society in the twentieth century. The marathon will therefore lead to the Cinema Teatro i 4Mori and al Goldoni Theater the films of the directors who after the second World War they focused on the historical climate of our peninsula and on anti-fascism with the production of recognized masterpieces from neorealism to auteur cinema.

The first appointment, Thursday 13th, is with Men and voices from the Livorno congress, documentary from 1921, restored in 2020 by Cineteca of Bologna, which will resonate the voices of some of the important personalities who attended the congress such as Filippo Turati, Umberto Terracini, Amadeo Bordiga, Elia Musatti, Emanuele Modigliani (brother of the painter Amedeo), Argentina Altobelli. Following the first part of Twentieth century from Bernardo Bertolucci in the restored 4K version, accompanied by a presentation by the director himself, recorded shortly before his death. The first day ends with Farewell to Berlinguer by Bernardo Bertolucci and Francesco Maselli, a documentary from 1984 which he also reconstructs through a series of interviews (among others to Francesco Cossiga, Mikhail Gorbachev, Yasser Arafat, Carlo Verdone e Roberto Benign), the political and human figure of Enrico Berlinguer.

Among other titles The dream of one thing, 1950 documentary by Francesco Bortolini, which deals with the youth of Pasolini, in Friuli, between ’43 and ’49, A hundred years later – which will see the directors present in the room Monica Maurer e Milena Fiore and the screenwriter Alexander planer – which deals with the historical evolution of the PCI from 1921 to its dissolution, with particular attention to the new party outlined by Togliatti and further developed by Longo and Berlinguer.

On Saturday, in addition to the cinema events, al Goldoni Theater two other initiatives are on the agenda. At 11 the photographic book will be presented Moving and posing. Album of the Italian Communists, published by Marsilio Editori and the Gramsci Foundation of Rome by Marco Delogu e Francesco Giasi: a collection of 200 images, some unpublished and many unknown, found in numerous, different archives, which return the history of the PCI and countless stretches of the Italian twentieth century. The Minister of Labor was also among the guests Andrea Orlando.

Here the complete program

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