The Osservasalute report does not mention the data on special waste: a serious shortage, especially for Acerra

The report “Observasalute” of the Catholic University of Rome, for many years now, has been a precious source of data to be studied and well disseminated for the best and most effective understanding of the dynamics that influence public health in Italy. The report is structured on the basis of 106 Core indicatorswhich describes the essential aspects of the health of Italians and the health services of all regions of our country, also with the aid of graphs, tables and cartograms.

I quote from the report:

The Osservasalute Report urges the attention of policy makers on the issues of prevention, integration, orientation to the community and modernization of the care system. Prevention remains one of the cornerstones of the NHS strategies, because it allows to avoid or postpone the onset of pathologies with a high impact on the system and on the quality of life of the population. […]

Among the numerous factors that influence human health, a leading role is certainly played by the environment. This Chapter describes some priority issues for the characterization of the environment-health relationship (such as solid urban waste), through the use of indicators, some of which have already been adopted in previous Editions of the Osservasalute Report and of which an update is reported.

Waste represents one of the indicators of the greatest anthropogenic pressure, not only in environmental terms, but also in social and health terms. […]

Municipal waste constitutes no more than 10% of the real total waste. The report lacks – and the shortage is very serious – the special, industrial and toxic ones that for decades have been the main share of waste whose bad management causes damage to public health that is recorded in the Campania territories and in particular to Acerra. Here, in fact, we are witnessing the tragic synthesis of all the components of this authentic public health tragedy:

to) excessively large industrial plants without adequate upstream controls and even less adequate environmental refreshments for the municipalities that suffer from the presence of these excessively large plants;
b) presence of local ecomafiosis with very serious environmental disasters already certified and up to now never reclaimed;
c) presence of an excessive share of “black” manufacturing and industrial activities and / or without adequate preventive controls (toxic fires, special waste plants, biomass incineration plants, exception cc).

According to the Ispra 2021 report, “The per capita incineration, attributable to the municipal solid waste management cycle, goes from 92.6 kg / inhabitant per year of Urban Waste, Dry Fraction and Secondary Solid Fuel in 2019 to 89.9 kg / inhabitant per year in 2020, with a reduction of 2.9% (4) “. Attention! These are data on a national basis. If we specifically analyze Campania and Acerra alone it follows that: per capita incineration in Campania is equal to 731093 tons / 5624260 inhabitants = 129 Kg per capita in Campania but well 731093/59830 inhabitants Acerra 2017 = 12.2 tons of incinerated per person per single resident in Acerra! To which must be added no less than 2.5 tons of ash produced locally in a region that does not have final disposal facilities for toxic waste such as ash. Numbers that, with the activation of the fourth line of the plant, will become 15 tons of incinerated per person per inhabitant of Acerra and 150 kg per capita per citizen of Campania compared to the paltry 90 kg per capita in Italy.

Again, it is very serious to take note that the 1,853,578 tons / year incinerated in Lombardy and i 933,095 in Emilia they are incinerated in 13 (Lombardy) and 7 (Emilia) plants located in different points from these “incinerator” regions with averages per plant therefore never exceeding 140 thousand tons / year where there is one and only Region that concentrates an exceptional mass of incineration : Campania in the only Acerra plant which now has yet to expand.

Thanks to this latest expansion, those municipalities will be able to collect no less than 100 million euros a year! An authentic gift to the detriment of Campania and Acerra which has not been mentioned in this municipal electoral campaign that has just ended by no party and no candidate.

Land of fires, in Campania as in all of Italy, and the consequent damage to public health increases due to the constant absence of traceability certified and computerized special industrial waste, and explodes for the absolutely disproportionate deadly sum, reached by the production of industrial waste as well described by Arpa Campania itself for the last ten years only (2019 vs 2009). It is necessary to proceed with the immediate concretization of the new certified waste control tools (eg Rentri), unfortunately still in the testing phase, and to preventive checks in local companies, which produce special, hazardous and non-hazardous waste.

Among the municipalities of the entire Campania region where a “unicum” of summatory environmental damage is observed – both due to the daily action of ecomafiosis never adequately contrasted and due to the excessive concentration of maxi plants without adequate preventive controls on incoming waste flows – it always remains and only Acerra. With absolute urgency, it is therefore also essential that as soon as possible between the “Core indicators” of Osservasalute, special, industrial and toxic waste, which for many decades has been the main cause of the damage to public health caused by waste in Italy, are regularly included with Ispra data sources.

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