Germany will call the Ukrainian famine of the 1930s a “genocide”
Germany will adopt a resolution recognizing as “genocide” the famine in Ukraine caused 90 years ago by the Stalinist regime, according to a draft resolution of the coalition and the opposition unveiled on Friday. The draft resolution, tabled by the ruling coalition formed by the SPD, the Greens and the liberals of the FDP, as well as by the conservative opposition CDU-CSU, will be debated next Wednesday in the Bundestag, the lower house of parliament.
In 1932 and 1933, approximately 3.5 million Ukrainians fell victim to the “Holodomor” (meaning, in Ukrainian, extermination by starvation) committed by the Stalinist regime. Crops were confiscated in the name of land collectivization. This famine is part “in the list of inhuman crimes committed by totalitarian systems which have caused the disappearance of millions of human lives in Europe, in particular in the first half of the 20th century”, condemns the draft resolution, consulted by AFP .
This crime “is part of our common history as Europeans”. “The whole of Ukraine has been affected by the famine and the repression, and not only its grain-producing regions”, underlines the draft resolution. “From the current perspective, it is therefore obvious that this is a genocide on the historical and political level,” he adds.
Ukraine has campaigned for years to have the Holodomor recognized as a genocide. Russia categorically refuses such a classification, because the great famine that struck the Soviet Union in the early 1930s had not only Ukrainian victims, but also Russians, Kazakhs, Volga Germans and members of other peoples .