“The rise in bills is not resolved through a senseless rush to gas and nuclear power, but by focusing on clean sources, efficiency and self-production. Even if only 50% of renewables today on paper was done, Italy would also have already reached the European climate goals“. This is the thought of Legambiente who launched a map of the 20 iconic places in Italy where renewables are blocked by bureaucracies, committees, superintendencies, and contradictions between institutions. This is the new report of the association ‘Checkmate with renewables. All the bureaucracy that blocks the development of renewables by favoring gas and fake solutions’,
There is the offshore wind farm of Taranto, under construction after 12 years, and that of Rimini. The moratoriums of Abruzzo, Lazio and Calabria. And then in Veneto, where the regional council has proposed a law to limit photovoltaics in agricultural areas. What keeps renewables stalled are “obsolete regulations, slowness in issuing permits, discretion in the environmental impact assessment procedures, regional regulations that are inhomogeneous with each other, to which are added disputes between institutions. And the lack of clarity is also the cause of the opposition of the territories that must extricate themselves from confused and contradictory rules.
All of these obstacles – Legambiente notes – they are putting “at risk the achievement of European climate goals which provide for a 55% reduction in emissions, by 2030, compared to 1990 levels and a coverage from renewable sources of 72% for the electricity part. A precise objective to keep the temperature below one and a half degrees and that Italy with its 0.8 GW of average annual installed power in the last 7 years is likely to be reached no earlier than 2100 ″. It is therefore urgent “Streamline procedures for new onshore and offshore wind projects, for the modernization of existing plants, for the construction of the agrivoltaic that produces electricity as a supplement and not a substitute for agricultural cultivation, for energy communities that locally use energy produced from renewable sources ” , notes the president of Legambiente Stefano Ciafani. “The Minister of Culture Franceschini must establish clear rules on the simplification of the authorizations for integrated photovoltaics on the roofs in historic centers, because otherwise the superintendencies will always continue to say no, to the benefit of those who want to build photovoltaic on the ground and new gas plants”.
The map also highlights the hitches “in the case of the a biometano in San Filippo del Mela (Me), in Sicily, project for the reconversion of the A2a power station currently fueled by fuel oil, linked to a controversial event, hitherto without a happy ending, in which the superintendency is involved. Then there is the question of the biogas plant in Pozzallo (Rg), obtained through anaerobic treatment from waste, which represents another case of ‘legislative chaos and opinions’. In Sardinia, in addition to the history of offshore wind power, “also that of the photovoltaic plant project in the Macomer industrial area (Nu) contested by the administration and that of revamping (i.e. updating, ed) of the wind farm in the Municipalities of Ploaghe and Nulvi (Ss) contested by the Regions and superintendence. On the wind front, five stories: that of wind power in Mugello challenged by the cultural heritage superintendency which asked to eliminate three of the eight wind turbines. To this are added local committees, citizens of the municipalities concerned and some associations that are firmly opposed ”. Similar situation “in Castel Giorgio (Terni, Umbria), where the administration opposes the construction of seven 6 MW wind turbines, for a total of 42 MW of power, in an area that only today, project in hand, is evaluated as not suitable for this type of work. Problems also for the wind power plant in Tuscania (Viterbo), consisting of 16 wind turbines 250 meters high, for a total power of 90 MW, immediately subject to strong local opposition from national and local associations and committees which together sent over 100 observations during the first environmental impact assessment procedure. And again, bureaucratic slowness for the wind farm of Sant’Arcangelo (Potenza) and second thoughts for that of San Bartolomeo in Galdo (Benevento) ”. Another theme is that relating to “theinadequacy, lack of homogeneity and updating of the rules, as happens in Puglia where there are 396 projects of energy plants from renewable sources under consideration between small and large, in marginal and non-marginal areas (some of which also in agricultural areas). Among these, those in Sin areas that are currently blocked due to the lack of risk analyzes on the agricultural land concerned, as for example happens in Brindisi. And then the case of Basilicata “.