Not one, but dozens of viruses are involved in the development of cervical tumors. And currently available vaccines protect against the most insidious and common and provide up to 90% protection. However, according to experts, it is necessary to vaccinate young people who have not yet started to have sex and have not had the opportunity to encounter these viruses.
Cervical Cancer Facts:
• In the Czech Republic, doctors diagnose cervical cancer in more than 800 women a year, 350 to 400 of whom die from it. That is an average of one woman a day.
• It mainly affects women of childbearing age, the largest number of diseases is around the age of 45.
• Over the course of a lifetime, up to 80% of sexually active women and men experience this infection, most often immediately
Main symptoms of cervical cancer:
• Bleeding outside the menstrual cycle
• Pain during intercourse
If a woman hurts around the pelvis and in the lower back, it means that the cancer has already penetrated the lymph nodes. The patient loses weight, her legs swell and her physical performance decreases.
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the European Union (EU) have set targets that call for the eradication of cervical cancer. Their fulfillment requires, among other things, prevention and high vaccination coverage, which can be achieved by offering vaccines with the widest possible protection to as many people as possible.
Vaccinations, screening and safe sex[display-posts orderby="rand"]
- If tumors are detected early, they can be surgically removed. General screening (regular annual examinations) helps gynecologists.
- Papillomavirus vaccination, which is paid for by both girls and 13-year-old insurance companies, is proving effective. “We have more types of vaccines, better protection is provided by those that act against more types of viruses, ie the so-called multivalent,” explains virologist RNDr. Ruth Tachezy.
- An important preventive measure is also partner stability or consistent use of condoms. Cervical cancer is transmitted in up to 99% by sexual intercourse.