National Holidays: why it is celebrated on July 28 and 29 in Peru

Every July 28 and 29, Peru dresses up for the celebrations of the National Holidays where one more year of the country’s independence is commemorated. during these dates different activities are also carried out and the President of the Republic issues his traditional message to the nation.

The Independence of Peru It is a historical fact that marked the beginning of a new stage in the country and due to this, every year the citizens celebrate the National Holidays.

These days appear as holidays in the Peruvian calendar and are used by people to make trips, walks or have a short vacation, because a sector of the population paralyzes their daily activities.

Over time, new customs and traditions have been added as part of the celebrations for the National Holidays. Thus we have, parades, trips, tasting of typical dishesamong others.

In that sense, here we tell you the main reasons why these two important dates are celebrated.

Peruvian National Holidays 2022 (Photo: Hugo Pérez-GEC)

WHY ARE THE NATIONAL HOLIDAYS CELEBRATED ON JULY 28 AND 29?

The National Holidays They are a very important date in the Peruvian calendar, since the day of Independence in 1821 is remembered by the hand of José de San Martín.

July 28 and 29 are declared holidays and the population takes the opportunity to do family activities, taste typical dishes or go on trips.

In addition, it is a date where everyone shows their great patriotism by decorating their homes and streets.

WHAT IS CELEBRATED ON JULY 28 IN PERU?

It should be noted that the 28 of July of each year the Peru celebrates one more anniversary of the Independence that occurred in 1821.

After this historical event, the country became a Republic that is currently part of South America.

(Photo: bicentenariodelperu)
(Photo: bicentenariodelperu)

CHRONOLOGY OF INDEPENDENCE

The July 28, 1821 was proclaimed the Independence of Peru in charge of Jose de San Martin. However, for this to occur, some prior steps had to be taken. These are:

  • July 6 – Viceroy José de la Serna leaves Lima with 6,000 men.
  • July 8 – The emissaries of San Martín enter Lima.
  • July 9 – At night, a division of the patriot cavalry enters Lima.
  • July 10 – San Martín arrives in Lima and stays at the house of the Marquis of Montemira.
  • July 12, San Martín recommended to General Arenales not to engage his division in combat until he was completely sure of victory.
  • July 14 – San Martín sends a letter to the Cabildo de Lima highlighting the convenience of convening a general meeting.
  • July 16 – La Gaceta de Lima publishes a tribute to San Martín.

“From this moment Peru is free and independent by the general will of the peoples and by the justice of its cause that God defends. Long live the homeland! Long live freedom! Long live independence!”were the words of General José de San Martín on July 28 in the Plaza Mayor of Lima.

In 1821 General Don José de San Martín proclaimed Peru's independence in Lima.  (Photo: Wikimedia)
In 1821 General Don José de San Martín proclaimed Peru’s independence in Lima. (Photo: Wikimedia)

TRADITIONAL ACTIVITIES ON JULY 28

The 28 of Julythe main day of the National Holidays, is characterized because citizens can see a series of public activities that have been carried out over the years. Among these we have:

  • Mass and Te Deum are performed.
  • Congressmen, Ministers of State and the Head of State attend the traditional mass.
  • The Congress receives the President of the Republic.
  • The President of the Republic gives his message to the Nation in Congress.
Congress of the Republic of Peru (Photo: GEC file)
Congress of the Republic of Peru (Photo: GEC file)

WHAT IS CELEBRATED ON JULY 29 IN PERU?

In the Perunot only the 28 of July It is a day of celebration and festivity, well, the same thing happens on July 29 of all years.

July 29 It is an important date because honors are paid to the Armed forces Y National Police of Peru.

TRADITIONAL ACTIVITIES ON JULY 29

The date on which honors are paid to Armed forces Y National Police of Peru It is characterized by the realization of:

  • Traditional Civic-Military Parade.

Here the military institutions march in front of the eyes of the citizens where you can see their weapons and vehicle units that are used for the benefit of the country.

The Great Military Parade takes place on July 29 (Photo: GEC)
The Great Military Parade takes place on July 29 (Photo: GEC)

BUSINESSES ON NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

These dates are used by many people to sell different products alluding to the celebrations for July 28 and 29, as well as other activities. These are:

  • sale of meals
  • Sale of flags and rosettes
  • Photographs with vehicles and members of the Armed Forces, National Police and firefighters
  • hot drinks

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