Murder of Piersanti Mattarella, the president of the Palermo court: “We need a parliamentary commission of inquiry”

A commission of inquiry to investigate the season of mafia terrorism: a chain of murders often remained unresolvedstarting with that of Piersanti Mattarella, president of the Sicily Region and brother of the current head of state. “It is a historical phase that begins in the 1970s and lasts until 1993, a period in which Palermo was the only city in the western world where, in the short space of a few years, the most representative of state power and the political system,” he says Antonio Balsamopresident of the court of Palermo, interviewed by the agency Adnkronos. On the eve of the 43rd anniversary of the murder of Mattarella, killed on 6 January 1980 in his home, Balsamo calls for the creation of a parliamentary commission of inquiry that sheds light on “many points still to be understood and explored, which cannot be reconstructed only with judicial activity. The fact of relying also on the commitment of other institutions, in addition to the judicial ones, is also a form of respect and common commitment for this need for truth, which the families of the victims express with great courage – Balsamo says in an interview with the Adnkronos – For them, I think it is just as important as the celebration of trials. Because there are a series of limits in the criminal process, which however do not prevent the ascertainment of a shared historical truth”.

The judicial affair surrounding the Mattarella murder was long and complex. And not definitive. The bosses of the Cosa Nostra commission were sentenced to life imprisonment as principals, from Toto Riina to Michael Grecowith the other exponents of the dome, from Bernardo Provenzano to Bernardo Brusca, Pippo Calò, Francis Madonia and Antonino Geraci. The investigation, however, failed to identify either the killers or the alleged external instigators. The alleged killers, that is, the black terrorists Giuseppe Valerio Fioravanti and Gilberto Cavalliniexponents of the Revolutionary Armed NucleiThey were definitively acquitted. In 2018, the Palermo prosecutor’s office reopened the investigation into the murder, carrying out new investigations through complex comparisons between ballistic finds. One of the findings of the trial celebrated in Palermo, the license plate of the car used for the ambush, was the sum of two different pieces of license plate. A part was later found in a hideout of the neo-fascist terrorist organization dei Nar. Today the investigation, still at a fixed point, is coordinated by the new prosecutor Maurizio de Lucia and by the addition Marzia Sabella.

According to Balsamo, the crime of January 6, 1980 can be traced back to one plurality of readings. “When, for example, during the homily, the Bishop Pappalardo talks about the murder of Piersanti Mattarella immediately explains one thing: and it is the impossibility that the crime is ascribed only to the mafia matrix, because ‘there must be other occult forces‘. Two days after the crime, on 8 January 1980, the then Minister of the Interior, Virginio Rognoni, speaks of an ‘operational complicity between organized crime and terrorism’. The same view is expressed in the subsequent debate by Pio La Torre. In fact this setting is the one followed by John Falcone, which conducts its latest important investigation into the Mattarella murder and other political crimes. He says that these are mafia-related crimes but the motive is definitely not or exclusively mafia-related. So, he talks about welds which imply the need to redo the history of certain events in our country. This profound historical vision is the same that is expressed in the sentence of Maxi trialwhich speaks of a subversive terrorist plan which also includes the murder of the prosecutor Peter Scaglionethe bombs planted by boss Francesco Madonia in various public offices on the night of 31 December 1970, the attack on the honorable Angelo Nicosia and the disappearance of the journalist Mauro DeMauro. All facts for which there is no procedural investigation that could shed full light. For the murders of Scaglione and De Mauro, a procedural reconstruction that led to the conviction of those responsible is still missing. However, these are facts that remain extremely important for understanding our history and for building our future”, is the reasoning of the president of the court of Palermo.

Who then launches his appeal to Parliament: “I hope that there can be, in this legislature, the establishment of a Commission of Inquiry because this method can be important to shed light on all those aspects still dark about our recent history. It is an example of great significance that our country could give: Italy could become the symbolic place of the ability to affirm the right to the truth which belongs not only to the families of the victims but to the whole community”, explains Balsamo, who is was the judge drafting the sentence of the trial on the Via D’Amelio massacre. The judge recalls that “on facts such as the Falcone and Borsellino massacres, very important evidence has come to light in recent years that allows us to understand the context in which these dramatic events took place”. The magistrate then cites the “judgment of the Court of Assizes of Bologna”, in which the judges, motivating the life sentence of the former member of the Nar Gilberto Cavallini for the bomb at the station on August 2, 1980, they share Falcone’s initial intuitions, later abandoned during the first and second instance judgments which affirmed the exclusive responsibility of Cosa Nostra in the Mattarella crime and condemned a piece of the Dome without ever identifying the killers of the president of the Sicilian Region, assassinated in Palermo on January 6, 1980. historical consciousness. In short, it could be a common commitment of all the institutions”, concludes Balsamo.

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