The pact concluded between Iran and the West aims to prevent Tehran from acquiring atomic weapons, an objective that Iran has always denied pursuing.
But following the 2018 withdrawal of the United States and the reinstatement of American sanctions which are stifling its economy, Tehran has gradually freed itself from its obligations.
In April 2021, Iran announced that it had started producing 60% enriched uranium at the Natanz site (center), approaching the 90% needed to make an atomic bomb.
“Iran has started production of 60% enriched uranium for the first time at Fordo,” the ISNA news agency reported on Tuesday.
This underground plant located 180 kilometers south of Tehran had been recommissioned in 2019 and recently modified with a view to obtaining better efficiency.
On Sunday evening, Iran announced that it had taken retaliatory measures against the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), following a resolution by the latter criticizing Tehran’s lack of cooperation, presented by the States United States and three European countries (United Kingdom, France and Germany).
Negotiations to revive the 2015 agreement, known by its English acronym JCPOA, concluded between Iran, the European Union and six major powers, including the United States, have stalled.
“Furthermore, in the second action in response to the resolution, Iran injected gas into two more IR-2m and IR-4 cascades at the Natanz site,” Isna added.
This ramp-up comes as the IAEA faces a sharp restriction of its on-site inspections.