In the world of 59 conflicts, the third world war already exists. This is what the new global order will look like. On FQ MillenniuM on newsstands

There third World war it already exists, and not just because Pope francesco he has been saying this for eight years (“We have entered the Third World War, only we fight in pieces, in chapters”, 18 August 2014). Our eyes are understandably on the Russian invasion ofUkrainebut there are at least 59 conflicts currently underway in the world, what counts isArmed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (Acled). There are crises that have been dragging on for decades, like the one between Israel and Palestine, which has returned to inflame in recent weeks. There are bloody wars involving world and regional powers, as in Syria and in Yemen (pictured). There are local outbreaks – numerous in Africa – which often hide distant economic and strategic interests. Chinese for example, but also Europeans, as in the endless tragedy of Congowhere the armed race to grab mines of gold, diamonds and other minerals essential for the production of smartphones and other technological devices has caused 5 to 10 million deaths to date, in the silence of world public opinion.

FQ MillenniuMthe monthly magazine directed by Peter Gomez, in the new issue on newsstands from Saturday 14 May tells about the most important of these conflicts, also through the voice of the Italian humanitarian workers involved in the field. “Sobering that Emergency both arrived in 1999 in Afghanistan, with the Taliban in power, and finds himself in the same situation in 2022 ”, comments Luca Radaelli, who for years led the hospital in Kabul run by the Milanese NGO. In Mali massacres of civilians are made in the name of the fight against Islamic terrorism, among others also conducted by the mercenaries of Wagner Group, philoputinian, whom we learned about on Ukrainian soil. To them and the Malian army Human Rights Watch attributes the massacre of at least 300 civilians to Moura. “In the fight against terrorism, using only the military option, without working on those roots that feed it, is not enough, on the contrary, it produces damage”, he comments Mario Raffaelliformer president of the NGO Amref. “Situations of poverty and social fractures end up becoming the basins where fundamentalists go to feed their ranks”. At the gates of Europe the crisis continues Nagorno-Karabachwhere the Russia supports theArmenia and the Turkey supports theAzerbaijan. And these are just some of the conflicts told by FQ MillenniuMsigned by the reporter Christian Elia.

However it ends up in Ukraine, the “third world war” will lead to a new global order. FQ MillenniuM try to tell it through its most expert signatures of the various geographies. At this stage, the authoritarian powers dictate the agenda. There China, says Gabriele Battaglia, aims at a multipolar way where everyone can do business with everyone, without anyone claiming the right to put their nose in the house of others in terms of political regime, democracy, respect for human rights. For this reason Beijing has badly digested the invasion of Ukraine decided by Putin, while it has already begun to dialogue even with the Afghan government of the reviled Taliban. And in the meantime, as well as on Africa, it has also got its hands on the economy of South America, once the backyard of the US, says Gabriella Saba. The vision of Russia, narrated by Leonardo Coen, which aims to destabilize Western democracies and already established in 2007, through Putin, that “the unipolar world is dead, we now live in a multipolar world and the United States does not they are more of the gendarmes of the world ”.

Perhaps inevitably, democracies come to the table of the new world order with less clear-cut visions. The United Stateswrites Roberto Festa, they try to maintain a “liberal hegemony” using fewer weapons, more diplomacy and more economic pressures, but the populist and sovereign thrusts have them in their stomachs, and the specter of a Trump that he returns to the presidential elections of 2024 makes the future very uncertain. And theEurope? Variously dependent on other powers, devoid of a common policy and defense, it risks being the earthenware pot. And the invasion of Ukraine, with the consequences we see on energy supply and the economy in general, has made the situation worse. So much so that an expert like Francesco Strazzari of the Scuola Sant’Anna in Pisa wonders what would happen if “from the Kremlin, acceptable proposals for an agreement for the 27 member states, but not for Washington, arrive. In that case, a first detachment would be possible, also because the European energy autonomy project is not feasible in the short term ”.

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