While the sprawling Dalhousie Square in Calcutta was known as Lal Bagh during the reign of George I, some historical references indicate that ‘Bagh’ was substituted for ‘Park’ by the English settlers of the city.
Kolkata’s Dalhousie Square was once the center of British rule. There it is still the power center. The grandeur of the huge Writers’ Building located there is made to be seen. After independence the name of this area was changed to B.B.D. The garden was kept. In the name of martyr revolutionary Benoy Basu, Badal Gupta and Dinesh Gupta.
Let us tell you that in December 1930, all three had entered the Writers’ Building which was also the Secretariat at that time. Lt Col N.S. Simpson was murdered. After his murder, Badal Gupta had consumed potassium cyanide, while Benoy Basu and Dinesh Gupta shot themselves to escape capture. Basu was admitted to the hospital, but died a few days later. . While Dinesh Gupta escaped the bullet injury, and was arrested, convicted and sentenced to death.
While the sprawling Dalhousie Square in Kolkata was known as Lal Bagh during the reign of George I, some historical references indicate that ‘Bagh’ was substituted for ‘Park’ by the English settlers of the city. History even before the British period shows that this region was the center of governance.
The 244-year-old Writers’ Building, which was built in sections over several years, a tank known as Lal Dighi is also located in this area, which is still in existence. In the south-west corner is the statue of Maharaja Lakhmeshwar Singh of Darbhanga, who was known for his philanthropy.
The impact of the city’s struggle to preserve its unique architecture is perhaps nowhere to be seen as it is around Dalhousie Square. It is still the center of Kolkata’s business and administrative institutions, for the past two decades, Dalhousie Square has been trying to preserve its historic buildings and accommodate the needs of its population.