In Germany despite the fact that in the year just ended so many children were born as never happened for 25 yearsthe highest was recorded deficit between births and deaths since [1945. This was announced by the German Federal Office for Population Research (Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung, BiB). The total of approx 796 thousand unborn children couldn’t compensate more than a million deadthe difference is approx 228 thousand individuals.
The trend has indeed been recorded for 50 years, in which they died in Germany over 6 million people more than how many were born. The last time there were more births than deaths was in 1971. In 1975 the difference had already been 207 thousand more dead and only in 1988 the gap had fallen to 8 thousand deaths, and then worsen again. People are getting older and the average age is constantly increasing, in 2020 it was 44.6 years. The increase in life expectancy also affects large classes and even a reasonable increase in births cannot cope with it. Nonetheless, large families have increased, as reported by the national statistical office Destatis: third child births increased by 3.9% (those of the first child by only 1.2%). While, however, in the old Länder the birth rate compared to the three-year period 2018-2020 has risen by 3.3%in the new ones it fell by 5.1%.
Concauses the drop in the number of weddings that have never been so few since the time of WWI. Alone 357,800 pairs they said yes in 2021 (the statistic records about 349 thousand marriages heterosexuals e 8,700 homosexuals), the 4.2% cheaper than the 2020 and even then the percentage with the pandemic had decreased by 10.3%. Moreover, we get married more around the age of thirty and in the former GDR the classes of the 90s, which are fewer in number, and many young people have now left. This is another reason why marriages have fallen in the east moreover than in the west (minus 8.6% compared to minus 3.5%). In this context, according to the report, it is also unlikely that the number of births will remain high, because as the generations of the 90s, which are quantitatively less conspicuous, approach the fertile age, in the next twenty years the number of potential moms will decrease. The coronavirus pandemic has reinforced the phenomenon, but not decisively.
There German population but it increases thanks to immigration from other countries. It is estimated that last year they came from 270 thousand at 320 thousand more people compared to how many have emigrated. After a prolonged steady growth, for the first time in 2021 the inhabitants are however slightly decreased. This leads the BiB to predict that they will decline further. At the end of the year, Germany had about 83.2 million people. Scholars predict that in the 2060 67.6 to 76.5 million people will be able to live in the country, but the data does not include crises or wars and for the national statistical office Destatis the population will instead remain between 74 and 83 million. The development of a nation, on the other hand, does not depend only on the number of inhabitants or on the trend of births, underlines the BiB, but on the level of education, and the director Christa Katharina Spieß concludes that it is essential to invest in it.
The new one will start from 15 May census national, the data will also reflect the contribution of refugees Ukrainians. For the Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge (BaMF) in early May were more than 610 thousandof which almost the 40% – over 240 thousand – minors and among adults 80% women. The data, however, are not univocal, while confirming that Ukrainian refugees are mostly women, children and the elderly, the Police as of May 4 had actually registered them 402.651. For comparison according to the surveys Destatis as of 31 December 2020, about 135 thousand citizens of Ukrainian origin already lived in Germany, in nineteenth place among foreign communities, and their number had risen by 21% in ten years. While the Russians were almost the doublein ninth place as a group, with a growth of 33% in a decade. On the same date, Italians were 5.5% of the population, a little less than 600 thousandin fifth place as a national group, after Turks, Syrians, Poles and Romanians.