Gas, where it comes from: the international gas pipelines that make Italy flexible

Rome, May 13, 2022 – Lo stop of Russian gas in transit from Ukraine last Wednesday, May 11, had no impact onItaly: and it is thanks to 8 gas access points, which together help protect the country from supply turbulence. Last January they even allowed a small export, although it was a negligible figure, equal to 20 million cubic meters a day against a national requirement of 300 at the turn of the Christmas holidays. Today over 932.5 million KWh have been allocated to storage, with more than 23.87 billion KWh in stock and a daily injection capacity of over 1.07 billion.

The entrances of international gas pipelines in Italy
The entrances of international gas pipelines in Italy

There are 5 main entrances to international gas pipelines on the Peninsula: Gries Pass (Verbania) for gas from northern Europe; Tarvisio (Udine) for that Russian; Melendugno (Lecce), landing place of the Tap coming fromAzerbaijan; Mazara del Vallo (Trapani), connected to theAlgeria with the Transmed; and finally, Gela (Caltanissetta), landing from the Greenstream coming from the Libya. To these are added 3 regasifiers: that of Cavarzere (Rovigo) with a 10% share, the Olt of Livorno with 2% and the implantation of Panigaglia (La Spezia) with 1%. The remaining 4% of the national requirement is covered by national production.

Of the 75.8 billion cubic meters of methane fed into the network in 2021, 38% came from Russia, 28% from Algeria, 10% from Azerbaijan, 4% from Libya and 3% from Northern Europe. In the first quarter of 2022 arrivals from Russia fell by almost 20%like this Algeria rose to first place, having sold 5.6 billion cubic meters to Italy. Overall, imports grew by 8.2%.

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