2. The turtle’s shell is actually a part of its skeleton and is made up of about 50 bones. The shell forms part of the turtle’s rib cage and spine. A turtle’s shell actually grows with its age like a human skeleton.
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3. Turtles are never able to come out of their shell. Their shells grow with them and it is impossible for them to grow their shells. Sea turtles, unlike other turtles, cannot retract their flippers and head back into their shells.
4. Turtles are very fond of jellyfish for food, although some species are poisonous. Their appetite for jellyfish sometimes proves harmful to them, as they sometimes swallow the plastic, thinking it is a floating jellyfish, which can strangle them. Turtles can be herbivorous, carnivorous and omnivorous in nature.
5. Turtles breathe air and lay eggs on the ground, making them amniotes. Even though they spend most of their lives underwater, they lay their eggs on land. Most sea creatures are anamniotes, which means they lay their eggs underwater. It takes 90 to 120 days i.e. about 3 months to hatch from turtle eggs.
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6. Turtles are cold-blooded, which results in an incredibly long life span. Another reason for their long life span is that their metabolism is very slow and they can survive for long periods without food and water. They can survive even in harsh conditions.
7. There are a total of 300 species of turtles in the world, of which 129 species are currently endangered. This is due to continuous human interruptions in their natural habitat. Turtles are also hunted by humans and pushed into the illegal pet trade.
According to the IUCN, most species of tortoises and tortoises are vulnerable, endangered or critically endangered. The most common reason they are endangered is that they are killed for their meat, skin, shells and other properties.