With the entry of Croatia into the euro zone since this Sunday, January 1, 2023, Croatian euro coins entered circulation.
Although Croatia has been a member of the European Union since 2013, it has just entered the euro zone this Sunday, January 1, 2023.
It therefore abandons its traditional national currency, the kuna, to make room for the European currency, the euro.
Result: new coins which represent the country and its culture have been officially put into circulation since the beginning of the year, even if the Croats have been able to obtain them since July, when they began to be produced.
The different parts
The various reasons were first proposed by the population before being examined and validated by the government of the Republic of Croatia, as underlined by the Hatton National Bank.
These are the Croatian checkerboard, the geographical map of Croatia, the marten, the Glagolitic script and Nikola Tesla, the world famous inventor and engineer.
So the checkerboard pattern will be used as the background for all the pieces.
On the red 1 cent, 2 cent and 5 euro cent coins, the motif chosen is a symbol of the Glagolitic alphabet, the oldest Slavic alphabet.
On the 10 cents, 20 cents and 50 cents coins, the portrait of Nikola Tesla was chosen.
On the 1 euro coins, the marten animal was chosen. A reference to the old currency since marten is called kuna in Croatian.
And finally on the 2 euro coin, the geographical map of Croatia was chosen.
Value in relation to the kuna
The conversion rate adopted between the euro and the kuna for 2023 at 7.5345 kuna for 1 euro.
The 20th member to adopt the euro
Croatia thus becomes the 20th member to adopt the euro as its national currency.
The countries concerned areGermanyI’Austriathe BelgiumI’Spainthe Finlandthe FranceI’IrelandI’Italythe Luxemburgthem Netherlands and the Portugal since 1999, followed by the Greece in 2001, then the Slovenia since 2007, Malta and Cyprus since 2008, the Slovakia since 2009, theEstonia in 2011, the Latvia in 2014, the Lithuania in 2015 and today the Croatia in 2023.
Certain States of the European Union have chosen not to take part in it, such as the Denmark or Sweden and others do not yet meet the conditions such as the Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic and Romania.