Dyslexia in adults: how to treat it?

What is dyslexia

“Dyslexia is a developmental disorder original neurological, present from birth, explains Hélène Dubois, speech therapist. This means that the brains of people with dyslexia do not develop and function like the brains of people without dyslexia. It’s this different organization of which the dyslexic have so much difficulty with the written language. »

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Dyslexia is one of the learning disabilities (‘dys disorders’) like dysorthographie (difficulty in acquiring and mastering spelling), dysgraphie (disorder affecting the handwriting and its outline with too slow, unreadable or tiring handwriting) or dyscalculia (learning disability that affects mathematics).

Adults with dyslexia not diagnosed in childhood

You don’t become dyslexic in adulthood. The adults were already children, only they were not diagnosed early.

Symptoms of dyslexia in adults

They differ somewhat from those of the dyslexic child. The adult who has developed compensatory strategies over the years. However, there are still challenges.

Here is the list of symptoms proposed by Hélène Dubois, speech therapist.

– Difficulties and slowness of readinge.

– Difficulties in understanding a text if the latter is long.

– Spelling mistakes.

– Slow and difficult writing.

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– Fatigability when reading. The fatigue can, in particular, occur at the end of the day, without being identified in connection with the fact of having read.

– Lack of attraction for books, writing.

– Appearance of a stress as soon as there is a need to read in public.

– Difficulty concentrating when performing a task.

– Difficulties in organizing your schedule of the week, to plan things in a meeting.

As dyslexia is not a disease but a learning disability, the diagnosis cannot be made by an attending physician.

Dyslexia requires the completion of a with made by a Speech Therapist.

“First of all, the adult expresses his complaint, then he must go over his history, trace his education”, explains the speech therapist.

What is a speech therapy assessment?

Secondly, the speech therapy assessment is carried out. “The latter includes several items,” says the speech therapist.

– A phonetic and lexical reading assessment and at the level of the assembly of syllables.

– An assessment of the reading speede.

– An evaluation of thespelling.

– An assessment of the phoneme-grapheme conversion.

– An assessment of the phonological awareness.

– An assessment of the written comprehension.

– Verification of the working memory.

“This check-up can tire the patient, it can be done twice, warns Hélène Dubois, because it can last two hours or more. “

What additional assessments?

“Depending on the results of the speech therapy assessment, other investigations may be requested by the speech therapist,” explains Ms. Dubois. For example, a hearing assessment at an ENT, an appointment at theorthoptist intended to verify a possible eye coordination problem, a neuropsychological assessment in order to assess theintellectual efficiency. »

The specific rights of the adult dyslexic

“As dyslexia is recognized as a handicap, an adult with dyslexia being diagnosed can be recognized as a ‘disabled worker’”, informs the speech therapist.

For this, it is necessary to fill in the Cerfa form dedicated or complete an online file on the MDPH site (Departmental house for the disabled).

The latter allows you to obtain certain rights such as l’AAH (allowance for disabled adults), the RQTH (the recognition of the status of disabled worker), the PCH (the disability compensation benefit).

This recognition of disabled worker can allow adults with dyslexia to make adjustments to their workstation.

What treatment for adult dyslexia?

More than a treatment or a re-education, in adults, it is help him manage his disorder in order to be as uncomfortable as possible in everyday life. “We must therefore especially see what are his expectations, specifies Hélène Dubois, speech therapist. Does he just want to write a CV, a cover letter, to be more efficient in his work? … ”

What practical aids?

“Here are the different approaches that speech therapists can offer,” explains Hélène Dubois below.

Learn to draw important information from a text.

Implement reading strategies : first, look first at verbs, then nouns …

Train it at reading speed.

– Teach him to use available tools like the dictionary, the Bescherelle …

“The occupational therapist can also make a contribution, in particular to adults suffering from severe dyslexia, in order to improve their workstation”, specifies the speech therapist.

From aides possible, we find: a speech to text converter software, the software Tap keys, a spelling predictor, a specific font, a ergonomic computer mouse, a organization app, possibility of receiving instructions orally rather than in writing …

What support ?

“Once the diagnosis of dyslexia is established, the patient has the right to 30 sessions, then to a renewal of 20 sessions for the same prescription, specifies Hélène Dubois. Which makes a total of 50 sessions. »

How long for rehabilitation?

Each session hard 30 minutes. It is therefore necessary to count approximately un an to perform the 50 sessions at the speech therapist. Sometimes more, when these do not take place every week, but every other week.

What are the difficulties encountered by adults with dyslexia?

Adults with dyslexia can have pitfalls both in society and at work. “Indeed, he can have difficulty reading the instructions for a board game, Where use the wrong word ”, Gives the speech therapist as an example.

Difficulties in the world of work can start early, “from the look for a job with the CV writing., of a cover letter which will not be read if it contains too many spelling errors, warns Hélène Dubois. Once in office, the risk of dismissal may be higher, if the employee cannot do all of the work required of him, if he is not sufficiently organized or too tired. “

What jobs are suitable for adults with dyslexia?

“The dyslexic adult is more comfortable speaking than writing, specifies the speech therapist. It is also often endowed with a certain sensitivity, d’empathy, from creativity. »

We can advise him to turn, or to make a professional reconversion, in an artistic field like illustrator, stylist, graphic designer, or in a manual trade: cabinetmaker, upholsterer, electrician, as well as those relating to social: mediator, childminder, home help …

Famous dyslexics

Being dyslexic does not prevent you from being successful in life! The proof, these dyslexic adults got there: Keira Knightley, Steven Spielberg, Jennifer Aniston, Whoopi Goldberg, Danny Glover, Richard Branson…

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