A “buffer” year to attempt enter employable workers into the world of work, accompanying them with training courses mandatory. In parallel, a reduction in the months of support which for them – according to what was announced by the undersecretary for the implementation of the program Giovanbattista Fazzolari – they will drop from 12 to eight. It is the bridging solution identified by the government in an attempt to recover resources by draining funds from those allocated for the Basic incomebut without intervening as early as January with the immediate cancellation aimed at by the Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni. To encourage the hiring of recipients, yet another contribution relief should be thought of for those who hire one: it is a pity that this option has existed since 2019, when the income was born.
In reality, the whole subsidy revision system raised perplexities and the postponement of the definitive stop to 2024 – a date that still allows the shot to be adjusted in the meantime – seems like a way to patch up a reform announced too hastily. The so-called employable they are recipients of basic income who do not present obvious impediments to obtaining a job. Those indicated by Anpal are 660 thousand, but it is unknown how many of them are exempt from the research because they are parents of young or disabled children, for example. To these add up over 170 thousand people who take the income but they already work receiving wages so low that they are still entitled to integration. According to the president of INAPP, Sebastian Fadda“it would be enough to improve the wage and working conditions of these workers to almost halve immediately the current number of perceivers”. Circumstance that constitutes yet another litmus test on the dramatic situation of Italian wages, not infrequently below a level of mere subsistence. It should be remembered that the average citizen’s income allowance is 550 euros per month. Not that there is, nor has there ever been to skid.
The INPS also notes that only 372 thousand beneficiaries are “close to the labor market” (they have a contributory position at the same time as the perception of the RDC or close). The “real” employables who they don’t actually work I am therefore relatively few and, often, if they don’t work there is a reason rather than a will. These are people with low schooling (in 70% of cases you reach a maximum of the middle school certificate), no longer young, in most cases away from the labor market for more than three years. The cut, as initially conceived by the premier, should have taken place automatically upon expiry of the collection period (18 months renewable with a one-month break), which would have penalized extremely vulnerable people from both an economic and a social point of view.
It will be seen how the government intends to translate into practice the exit from the benefit starting from 2024. There was talk of the possibility of obliging the recipients to accept any first suitable job offer, without the possibility of a refusal. Today, in theory, the revocation is triggered by the second “no”. The problem is that of offers congruous, i.e. that meet the amount requirements of the salaryconsistency with the recipient’s skills and distance from the workplace from homeand, the recipients of rdc have in fact never received any, or almost so far.