Population and distribution
The population of the country last year was 10,524,167, which was 87.6 thousand more than in the previous census in 2011. Almost half of the population lived in four regions – Prague (1.3 million), Central Bohemia (1.4 million). ), The South Moravian Region (1.19 million) and the Moravian-Silesian Region (1.16 million).
The average age of the population reached 42.7 years, while it was slightly higher for women (44.1 years) than for men (41.2 years). The lowest average age was in Prague (41.4 years), the oldest inhabitants with an average age of 43.8 years lived in the Zlín Region. Since the previous census in 2011, men and women have aged an average of 1.7 years.
Children, workers and seniors
The share of children under 14 was 16.1% last year, people in the productive age group 15-64 63.5% and seniors aged 65 and over 20.4%. Most children under the age of 15 lived in the Central Bohemian Region (17.9%), the least in Prague (15.3%). In productive age, the highest share of the population was in the capital city of Prague (66.3%), the lowest in the Hradec Králové region (61.9%).
Of the population aged 15 and over, 32.1% were single and 45.6% married. Among widows, women (13.3%) significantly outnumber men (2.9%).
Czechs and foreigners[display-posts orderby="rand"]
What nationality did the population state? 83.8% (6,033,621) of respondents registered Czech nationality, 5% Moravian (359,621) and 0.2% Silesian nationality. Last year, foreign nationals made up 4.7% of the Czech population. Citizens of Ukraine (1.4%), Slovakia (0.9%) and Vietnam (0.5%) lived here the most. Residents with foreign citizenship from EU countries made up 1.5% of the population and outside the EU 3.2% of the population.
The number of people with a university degree exceeded 1.5 million (18.7% compared to 13.2% in 2011) and, compared to the previous census, the number of people with a high school diploma also increased. Of people over the age of 15, 53.1% already had at least a high school diploma or higher. People with a secondary education or apprenticeship without a GCSE make up about a third of the population, as do those with a high school diploma.
69.9% of the population filled the voluntary question on faith. In response, 18.7% said they were believers and belonged to a church or religious society. Of the churches and religious societies, the Roman Catholic Church was the most represented, accounting for a tenth of all responses. The answer “without religious faith” accounted for more than two thirds (68.3%) of the answers.
Compared to 2011, almost 195,000 houses were added, so the housing stock grew to 2,353,024 houses. The most common type of homeowner was natural persons, who owned 88.4% of all homes. The second most common form of ownership was “co-ownership of apartment owners (units)”, which was registered in 146,799 houses.