- What is Horticulture?
- What are the career prospects in Horticulture?
- Know from which college you can do the course
At the same time, high-tech greenhouses, in-house research and off-season farming have developed new possibilities in the field of horticulture. This is the reason why today India is one of the largest producers of fruits and vegetables in the world.
What is Horticulture
Horticulture is said to be a special branch of agriculture. Horticulture includes cultivation of cereals, fruits, spices, vegetables, flowers, ornamental trees and medicinals. Horticulture is a combination of art, science and technology. It includes the study of both food and non-edible crops. Food crops include fruits, vegetables and grains, and non-edible crops include flowers and plants. Horticulture includes everything from crop production to soil preparation, plant breeding and genetic engineering, plant biochemistry and plant physiology, etc.
Also read: Career In Agriculture: You can get salary package of lakhs even in agriculture sector, know job option and how to apply
Education required for Horticulture
If you want to come in this field then your education depends on what type of horticulture you are interested in. Admission in this field starts from the graduation level. Candidates who have passed 12th examination with Science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics, Biology, Agriculture as a separate subject for Bachelor’s degree in Horticulture or B.Sc Agricultural Science as per your subject. You can choose the subject. At the same time, only one basic qualification is required for doing diploma program. A student can also do MSc after doing BSc in Horticulture. Many institutes also offer four year B.Tech program in Horticulture.
Some colleges offer admission to bachelor’s courses through an entrance exam, while others on the basis of scores. Under Horticulture course, subjects like plant propagation, plant breeding, plant material, tissue culture, crop production, crop nutrition, plant pathology, post-harvest handling, economics, agri-business are studied.
If you want to make a career in this field, then you must have a feeling of love for nature. Apart from this, students should have the ability to give enthusiasm and motivation to learn, work long hours with intense concentration and a keen analytical mind. Horticulturalists should have practical ability, good powers of observation to detect early signs of disease in plants within them. In general, horticulturists need to learn about the world around them and be creative in solving problems.
Read also:Career in Meteorology: After 12th, you can make a career in the Meteorological Department, know how
After completing the course you can work as a Horticulturist in various government bodies like Indian Council of Agricultural Research, IARI, CSIR, NBRI, APED. On the other hand, if you have passed the NET exam or PhD in Horticulture, you can start a job as a lecturer or assistant professor in an agriculture college or move forward in the field of research. After studying horticulture, there are opportunities to advance as Horticulture Officer, Agriculture Officer, Technical Officer, Fruit and Vegetable Inspector, Horticulture Supervisor, Agriculture Development Officer, Horticulture Specialist, Fruit-Vegetable Inspector.
Some of the Best Institutes for the Course
Shri Ram College of Agriculture, Maharashtra
Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu
Nalanda College of Horticulture, Nalanda
Deshbhagat University, Punjab
Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
ITM University, Gwalior