The government has set the target of 7 million charging points for electric vehicles throughout France by 2030. In Perpignan, only 9 terminals were available and only one easily accessible. Four others are being deployed at the Arago parking lot. This is little. The municipal council of Perpignan has just voted on a deliberation providing for the installation of 85 electrical terminals, or 170 charging points, within three years.
Accelerating the development of electric vehicle charging infrastructure, the deliberation presented at the last Perpignan city council and voted unanimously signals a real commitment for the City. That of deploying 85 charging stations over the next three years, i.e. 170 charging points. An investment of 1,755,000 euros but which could only cost the municipality “only” 900,000 euros thanks to funding from two national programs, TURPE and ADVENIR.
Perpignan starts almost from scratch
Perpignan is not really connected to the electrical question. Today, only 9 terminals are available. They are mainly installed in district town halls and at the municipal technical center. On average, 200 recharges are made per week. The only public terminal in Castillet is very often used. The demand is there. “But the city center is under-equipped“, concedes Frédéric Guillaumon, assistant among others to the road network and project leader.
At the end of 2022, the municipal management of the Arago car park is in the process of deploying 8 new charging points at level -1.
Different needs depending on the sector
In Perpignan, two distinct sectors would have very distinct needs. In the outlying areas of the city, it is not uncommon for residents to enjoy housing with a garage. They can therefore easily recharge their electric vehicle. In the city center, homes with garages are less legion. It therefore seems important to boost the installation in the urban core.
In the hypercentre, 24 electric charging stations will be set up. They will be 10 in the north of the city and 21 in the southern districts. Finally, 16 will be deployed in the East and 14 others will be deployed in the West. That is 85 charging stations.
So-called fast charging stations
In the city center, as in collective housing areas, the terminals installed will be of the 7/22KVA type as a priority. A barbaric name indicating that they can recharge a Tesla model 3 type vehicle to 80% in three hours. A few so-called fast terminals, whose charging time varies between 20 to 45 minutes for 80% autonomy, will be located around the city center but also in economic and semi-industrial areas. The City will own this equipment but will delegate management and operation to a private service provider.
The installation of these terminals will be done in three phases. The city center will be prioritized. Then, in a second step, it will be the turn of the outlying districts to be equipped. The network will be completed in 2025 based on initial feedback.
Recharging your vehicle, but at what cost?
The tariff policy was also submitted to the municipal council. The objective, for Frédéric Guillaumon, is to determine a price low enough to allow “promote the deployment of electric vehicles“. While making sure “to aim for a balance of revenues and operating costs and the profitability of investments“.
For a load of 7 to 22 kW, the price will be €0.33 per kW. For fast charging, from 24 to 100 kW, the price will be €0.44 per kW.
In areas where parking is chargeable, the user will also have to adjust his location, in a very traditional way.
On the other hand, when the terminals are installed in areas where parking is free, during the day, a billing will be imposed of €0.04 per minute after the second hour of recharging. This, to avoid the effect “car sucker“. This tax will no longer be effective from 9 p.m. until 8 a.m.
A preferential rate will be offered to City employees to encourage them to equip themselves with an electric vehicle.
Perpignan, a “little arm” vision?
During the presentation of this deliberation to the municipal council of Perpignan, Frédéric Guillaumon received the concerns of the elected opposition member, Bruno Nougayrède. He was indeed alarmed by Perpignan’s delay in deploying these infrastructures. “If we take the government’s objective of installing 7 million charging points by 2030, that makes around 12,000 for Perpignan. There, you are offering us 85 terminals by 2025, I do not see how we will reach the objective in 2030. We are not in the right order of magnitude when this is a major subject“, he pointed somewhat mockingly. Frédéric Guillaumon conceded that it was certainly necessary to go faster but also “that we had to start somewhere“. But the mayor RN Louis Aliot has meanwhile displayed a much more skeptical position on the future of electric vehicles: “When we see the increase in the cost of electricity, all this plan that the government and the European Union sells us on electricity, we will talk about it again in a few years“.