A new chapter of diplomacy emerged

After getting the support of China and Russia on the Afghanistan issue in the BRICS meeting, India has engaged in many more efforts.

After getting the support of China and Russia on the Afghanistan issue in the BRICS meeting, India has engaged in many more efforts. In the first ‘2+2’ dialogue with Australia, India has succeeded in increasing diplomatic influence on the issue of Afghanistan. Raising the issue of terrorism and inclusive government in Afghanistan in the Joint Declaration, both the countries made their position clear. This was an important meeting before Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to the US, in which the agenda of ‘Quad’ (Quadrilleral Security Dialogue) was reshaped in a way. So far, the issue of Afghanistan has been included in the agenda of the ‘Quad’ group, which has been talking about the Asia-Pacific region and the South China Sea, which will be discussed seriously in the meeting in America. Through the ‘Quad’, India, America, Japan and Australia will shape a new diplomatic building in Afghanistan, which can be important for the politics of South Asia. It may also indicate strategic repercussions for India’s interests in the Central Asian region.
Australia’s change
Australian Foreign Minister Maryse Paine and Defense Minister Peter Dutton held one-on-one meetings with their Indian counterparts S Jaishankar and Rajnath Singh on issues of security, diplomacy and strategic importance during their three-day visit to India from September 10-12. Both the countries agreed to enhance strategic cooperation. India-Australia relations had crossed several milestones since this meeting began. Actually, the ‘2+2’ framework of negotiations is for certain countries.

India has so far agreed to hold such meetings only with the US, Japan, and Russia. These are all the countries with which India has the strongest strategic, security and diplomatic relations. Obviously, this was a great opportunity for India-Australia relations. The second important thing is also that with this meeting, talks have started with every country of ‘Quad’ of India in a ‘2+2’ framework. If we look at the different bilateral relations between the four countries of the ‘Quad’, then it is clear that the relationship between India and Australia remains the weakest. Australia joined the Quad more than a decade ago and said it did not want to upset China. Now the same Australia has signed India’s seven strategic cooperation agreements after making agreements related to military and nuclear security with America and Japan.
stir in Afghanistan
The Taliban announced the top leadership of their government in Afghanistan. After that, apart from the ‘Quad’ exercise, Australia, India, America and Russia made close contact with each other. A delegation led by US intelligence agency CIA chief William Burns is preparing to reach India and Pakistan. In India, these people will talk to National Security Advisor Ajit Doval on many issues related to Afghanistan. Apart from this, Secretary General of the Russian Security Council Nikolai Patrushev will meet Prime Minister Narendra Modi, NSA Ajit Doval and External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar on Wednesday. Afghanistan is the agenda for the visit of high-level officials of the US and Russia.

Earlier in the India-Australia ‘2+2’ dialogue, it was made clear that unless there is an inclusive government, there is no recognition. The meeting with Russian General Patrushev is being seen as an opportunity for India and Russia in which both the countries will share their vision on Afghanistan. It is expected that the exercise of ‘Extended Troika’ (Pakistan, China, Russia and America) will slow down a bit after this. Last week, Russia accused US-led Western nations at the UN Security Council of neglecting threats to Central Asia by Islamic State (focused on Iraq and Syria) and the Eastern Turkistan Islamic Movement. Then the UN Security Council was headed by India. China and Russia boycotted the vote on Security Council Resolution 2593 on Afghanistan.

questions to be addressed

Meanwhile, the Ministry of External Affairs has almost finalized the preparations for the next US visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Three important events are proposed in this tour starting from 22 September. Modi will have a bilateral meeting with US President Joe Biden on September 23. The next day there will be a meeting of the heads of state of the ‘quad’ countries.

The Prime Minister will address the United Nations on 25th. Most of the focus in these programs will be on Afghanistan. This has been indicated in the meeting of the BRICS countries, in which it was agreed to prepare a common policy and counter-action plan against terror. This year a meeting of the ‘Quad’ has gone virtual and now the face-to-face meeting will discuss Afghanistan, terrorism, Indo-Pacific region and maritime law. China has shown aggression on all these issues. Obviously, China will remain in the shadow of the issues of the meeting of the four heads of state. Secondly, there is also India’s concern that the soil of Afghanistan may be used against India in terms of terrorism. Questions are being raised about the activities of Pakistani intelligence agency ISI in Afghanistan.

what the experts say

A period of geopolitical restructuring is going on in Afghanistan. Right now the people of Afghanistan are in crisis and we must provide humanitarian aid to them, either directly or through United Nations programmes. India’s political and diplomatic will is being tested in Afghanistan. You have to choose the option which is correct.

  • Gautam Mukhopadhyay, former Ambassador of India to Afghanistan and Syria

We have to keep two things in mind. It is no secret that Pakistan has played an important role in giving strength to movements of Islamic fundamentalism. This time China has also come forward with its money and the Taliban, who are facing shortage of funds, without wasting time, described China as their most important ally.

  • Vishnu Prakash, former diplomat

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