A humanitarian catastrophe called Haiti. From the return of cholera to the robbery of politicians. Thus burns the “paradise”, in the impotence of all

Haiti it is the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere, in the throes of a grave cholera epidemic. There’s this one too humanitarian disasters which do not make the news and are quickly forgotten by the international community. Among these is the case of The Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) has confirmed 700 cases of the disease while the dead are 161 and the suspected infections, in continual growth, are around 7000. The disease spreads if the conditions sanitation is precarious and this is precisely the case in Haiti, where clashes between rival gangs have set fire to the capital Port au Prince and more than half of the population, as confirmed by the United Nations, has no access to food and drinking water. The first epidemic, which broke out in 2010, had caused at least 10 thousand dead and it had been spread by some Nepalese Blue Helmets of the United Nations.

The citizens of Haiti have been without one for years political representation and a functioning electoral system. The former head of state Jovenel Moïseof conservative orientation, had imposed itself on presidential election of 2015 then canceled for massive fraud. The repetition of the consultations, in 2016, had seen a new victory for Moïse but also in this case there was no lack of protests due to fraud and a turnout of 21 percent just among those entitled.

Moïse, who in the last months of his mandate had governed by decree, was then murdered in July 2021 by a commando of armed men and Parliament, whose mandate had expired in January 2020 and whose elections had been postponed, failed to fill the void and at the moment it’s not working, just like the Electoral Commission. The United States Department of Justice, as recalled by Al Jazeerareported that a group of 20 Colombiansi and Haitian-Americans allegedly took part in the plot that was supposed to lead to the kidnapping of Moise but which then evolved “into a plan to kill the president”. The New York Times reported that Moise was “working on a list of powerful politicians and businessmen involved in drug trafficking that he intended to hand over to the US government.” The prime minister Ariel Henryappointed by Moise the day before his killing and supported by France, the United Kingdom and the United States, holds the position of interim president and refuses to leave it until new elections. However, Henry himself postponed them sine die rejected a transitional government.

According to the Just Security portal there are six ways in which the United States and the international community can help Haiti without armed intervention. The first is to stop supporting Ariel Henry at all costs, because in this way you give up be neutral and because the only solution capable of restoring stability may come from Haiti. The international community should also ensure governance stepping back from any Haitian government and not acting on its behalf. US Should Impose Sanctions on Individuals Engaged in Corruption and Human Rights Abuses, Help Understand Reason for President’s Assassination Jovenel Moisedo more to stop illegal arms sales in Haiti and stop the expulsions and removals of Haitians who, in most cases, can be considered refugees.

The absence of the state coincided with a very complicated moment for Haiti which, a month after the killing of Moïse, had to deal with a devastating earthquake and a hurricane. On 14 August 2021, an earthquake measuring 7.2 hit the south of the country involving 650 thousand peoplealmost provoking 2500 deadover 125,000 injured, destroying 53,000 homes and seriously damaging 83,000 others. Two days after the storm Grace it affected the same region, causing floods and landslides. The gangs they check most of Port-au-Prince, several infrastructures and have started to expand to other cities, kidnappings are widespread and affect people’s daily lives. The police force is inefficient and corrupt and the absence of the UN peacekeeping mission has allowed gangs to flourish and influence the political situation.

There civil society of Haiti and its corollary of political, social and health organizations are divided and powerless faced with grave tragedies such as massacres, gang rapes and arson attacks against different neighborhoods. It is not possible that, in such a situation, elections can be held and that a government endowed with political legitimacy can be formed.

The World Bank reports that theHaiti’s economy is contracted for three consecutive yearsand that all the positive results obtained in the past in tackling poverty have disappeared. No recent data is available to measure poverty but the picture is dire. In 2021, 65 percent of families experienced one reduction in revenue compared to the years before the pandemic and this has made the already high poverty rate worse, probably by 87 per cent. Two thirds of the poor live in rural areas. According to it Human Capital Index a child born today in Haiti will have a level of productivity equal to 45 percent of what it would have if it could be cared for and educated. More than a fifth of children are at risk of developing it physical deficits and cognitive and 22 per cent of 15-year-olds he will not live past 60 of age.

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